The Department of Mechanical Engineering came into existence in 1919 under the leadership of Professor Charles A. King, the first Head of the Department and Principal of the erstwhile Benaras Engineering College (BENCO). Over the last eighty six years, the department has grown four folds to become the largest department in the Institute of Technology as well as in the Banaras Hindu University.


Q1. Why should I opt for Mechanical Engineering?

Mechanical engineering is one of the oldest branches of engineering and is often referred to as the ‘mother’ branch of engineering. The most appealing feature is that the application base of this field of study is extremely broad and diverse, making it a evergreen branch. Traditional manufacturing industries such as automobiles, aviation, shipping, aerospace, power plants and machinery manufacturing demand the expertise of mechanical engineers, along with newer fields such as nanotechnology, bio-medical engineering, energy conservation and environmental engineering.

There is also great requirement for mechanical engineering consultants who have management skills along with technical proficiency. They mainly work for firms providing engineering consultancy. Around 26% of the CEO’s of Forbes’s 500 companies have an education in mechanical engineering. Mechanical also has broader scope when compared to branches like electronics or computer science.

Q2. What are the various job profiles of a mechanical engineer after campus recruitment?

The job profile of mechanical engineers can be classified into the following functional segments:

  • Research and Development (R&D): Engineers whose role is to do research and then plan for new machines and their constituent parts.
  • Design: Professionals whose responsibility is to draft technical drawings, manually or with the aid of computers.
  • Production: Engineers who supervise the manufacturing of mechanical components and machines.
  •  Analysis and testing: Engineers who analyze and test different types of machines and their parts to ensure that they function flawlessly.
  • Installation: Professionals who install machines and mechanical parts at the client location.
  • Maintenance: Engineers whose primary role is to ensure that machinery is working as per specifications.

Q3. What is the scope and career prospects in Mechanical Engineering?

Mechanical Engineers are required to design, test, manufacture, install, operate and maintain a wide array of machines and mechanical systems that are used in countless number of industries.

In private sector – major industries that employ mechanical engineers include automobiles, space research, aeronautical, energy and utilities, air conditioning, bio-mechanical industry. Other major employers include giant manufacturing plants, air conditioning and refrigeration industry, turbine manufacturing plants, oil and gas exploration and refining industries and the agricultural sector.

In the government sector, mechanical engineers can provide their knowledge to various government run projects in the role of technical experts and consultants. They can also work in private engineering companies that provide technical consultancy to both government and corporate firms. These engineers can also hold high managerial positions in government as well as private sector organizations. Simply the most evergreen branch.

Q4. What is the fundamental course curriculum in Mechanical Engineering taught at IIT-BHU?

  • Mathematics (mainly Calculus, Numerical Methods and Linear Algebra).
  • Statics and Dynamics.
  • Strength of Materials & Solid Mechanics.
  • Material Engineering, Composites.
  • Thermodynamics, Heat Transfer, Energy Conversion, HVAC etc.
  • Fuels & Combustion, Internal Combustion engines.
  • Fluids Mechanics & Machinery, Hydraulics and Pneumatics.
  • Mechanisms and Machine Design, Tool and Product Design.
  • Manufacturing Technology & Process Engineering.
  • Vibration, Control Systems and Control Engineering.
  • Mechatronics and Robotics.
  • Drafting, Computer Aided Design (CAD), Computer Aided Manufacturing (CAM).

Q5. Are there any prerequisite skill sets I may require, to prosper in the Department of Mechanical Engineering, IIT-BHU?

A penchant for mechanical components and machinery  will help. Logical reasoning and problem solving skills are essential part of being a good Mech Engineering from IIT-BHU. Immense patience, ability to work for long hours and an inventive spirit  are essential ingredients for becoming a successful mechanical engineer.

Furthermore, the Mechanical is the largest department in IIT-BHU, and unanimously the strictest. The focus of the entire course is on proficiency in practical applications of the theoretical aspects of engineering. The course curriculum is very demanding and requires a high level of dedication and determination to perform well. You will have to work harder than other departments of IIT-BHU but you will become an excellent Mechanical Engineer.

You will be ready to take up any challenge in this field after you graduate from Mech at IIT-BHU. If your passion is Mech then only 3-4 Mech departments in India are better place than this. With extra funding and IIT brand name, department is headed for even greater heights.

Q6. I have some decent options at other established IITs and basically all options at new IIT’s. Why should I go for Mechanical at IIT-BHU?

Engineering is a highly specialized field and requires utmost devotion and genuine interest, hence it is advised that students should always opt for a branch of their choice as long as you are not compromising too much in college. The Department of Mechanical Engineering at IIT-BHU is arguably the most reputed in the Institute, and has standards comparable to the top Mechanical Engineering Faculty’s such as IITK and IITB.

In previous years, students were opting for any branch in other IIT’s just because this institute did not have the coveted IIT Tag, disregarding the fact that IIT-BHU has been admitting JEE qualified students for the last 40 years and has maintained its standards amongst the top 7-8 engineering colleges in India for over the past two decades, even with a modest UGC funding of 15 crores annually as compared to the MHRD funding of 150 crores annually which other IIT’s have been entitled to for years.

As the institute now has the coveted IIT tag, and now equipped with perks such as massive MHRD funding, IIT-BHU is has already risen ahead of IIT Guwahati and IIT Roorkee in the latest rankings, and is set to compete with IITK,IITB and IITD as the top engineering institutions in the country in the coming years. By opting for IIT-BHU Mech, you will be joining a institute which is currently ranked in top 5-6 in India and you will be also getting the arguably the best core department of this institute. A great combination of branch & college. On top of that, things will only get better from here at IIT-BHU.

Q7. Is Mechanical Engineering a reliable and secure profession in times of global economic turmoil?

The job market for mechanical engineers is perennial. Even the vagaries of the global economic crisis could not knock out the demand for these professionals in the Indian job market. Although some branches of mechanical engineering went out of focus during the meltdown period, the overall situation was much better when compared to other core branches. On the brighter side, things are getting back to normal and this evergreen career path is again gaining coin amongst career aspirants as it did during the pre-meltdown years.

Q8. What kind of salary most students at Mech BHU get during the campus placements ? How does it compare with other top IITs?  What was the highest packages secured by students of the Mechanical Engineering Dept. in this last recruitment season? 

Most students received package around 5-7 LPA in last recruitment season, and the highest package secured this year is 10LPA. Average package secured by most Mech IIT-BHU students was very comparable to average package secured by most students at Top Mech departments in country.

To put things into perspective, most Mech student’s packages for IITD and IITB were 6-8 LPA and 7-8 LPA respectively. Placements are never an issue for Mech department at IIT-BHU. You should not be worried about it. As the global economic recession plays out its course, packages are expected to significantly increase in the upcoming years, and will substantially be higher by the time the batch of 2015 and on wards complete their graduation.

Packages cited here are not the average of all packages in one class. Most students get packages in this range. That makes it more meaningful.

Q9. Can I expect to secure a seat at IIT-BHU Mech if my JEE rank is in the range of 2400-2500?

JEE Counselling 2013 was the first time when IIT-BHU shall be listed as an IIT. Many students in last few years didn’t prefer IIT-BHU just because it was not an IIT. In 2011 there was just an anticipation that IT-BHU “MIGHT” become IIT and then we saw substantial jump in opening and closing ranks. This year when IIT status has been accorded, a  higher out-sized jump than last year is expected.  Here is how opening and closing ranks were impacted last year.

  • Opening & Closing ranks in 2011:  2514-3222
  • Opening & Closing ranks in 2012:  1818-2959
  • Opening & Closing ranks in 2013:  1513-2906

Mech at IIT-BHU may close before 2700. Odds may not be too high but you do have a chance of getting Mech at IIT-BHU if your rank is in the range of  2500-2700.  Last year many students didn’t anticipate a jump while filling the order of their choices. As result, few were assigned some unexpected options. So make sure that you consider this fact before filling the choices of your seats.

It will depend on how many students ranked higher than you opt for IIT-BHU Mech. In case, you fear missing IIT-BHU Mech by few ranks and open to other core branches then explore them. IIT-BHU provides branch change option for top 10% of the class. Some IITs are very restrictive. For Example, IIT Roorkee allows only top 2% of students to opt for a branch change. Clearly, that makes it 5 times more difficult. It’s still difficult at IIT(BHU) Varanasi but you can work hard in your first year. Even if you don’t manage to get your desired branch change, you end up with a core branch at a great institute.