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The Department is pursuing active research in the emerging areas of glass, glass ceramics, refractories, electronic ceramic, cement and pottery & porcelain. Research papers are being published in reputed national and international journals regularly. Considering the important role that the department of Ceramic Engineering has played, the University Grants Commission has granted funds under ‘Special Assistance and COSIST’ Programmes. Many R& D projects have been sponsored by AICTE, DST, CSIR and UGC. The Department celebrated its Platinum Jubilee during 1999 for 75 years of Ceramic education and organized a ‘National Seminar on Challenges of 21st Century’.

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Q1. What exactly is CERAMIC ENGINEERING?

Ceramic engineering is the science and technology of creating objects from inorganic, non-metallic materials. Ceramic Engineering is concerned with the use of ceramic raw materials, which include clays as well as high-purity chemicals, to manufacture products that can show useful properties such as thermal stability (refractory), wear resistance (abrasives and cutting tools), chemical durability (glass), and structural stability (bricks and tiles).

Q2. It seems to be a new branch, so how are the equipment in the college ?

It’s a total misconception that ceramic is a new branch. It’s actually unique branch and only at few colleges. Pandit Madan Mohan Malviyaji instituted a course in Ceramic Technology as early as 1924 with the noble objective of advancing glass and ceramic technology in India.

A variety of opportunities exist for multi-disciplinary research programs through collaborations with other departments (Biological Sciences, Electrical Engineering, Physics, and Chemistry) or through campus research centers (Graduate Center for Materials Research, Electronic Materials Research Center). Department is equipped with modern instruments like Nietzsche Simultaneous Thermal Analyzer (Microprocessor controlled), UV-Visible Spectrophotometer, High Temperature Furnace with Programmable Controller, Pilot Plant for Pottery and Glassware and many more.

Q3. Is ceramic totally alienated from other branches or is it practically related somehow ?

Ceramic engineers use basic principles from chemistry and physics to understand how to design new materials at the atomic level, then to process these materials into useful forms. The special character of ceramic materials gives rise to many applications in materials engineering, electrical engineering, chemical engineering and mechanical engineering.

As ceramics are heat resistant, they can be used for many tasks that materials like metal and polymers are unsuitable for. Ceramic materials are used in a wide range of industries, including mining, aerospace, medicine, refinery, food and chemical industries, packaging science, electronics, industrial and transmission electricity, and guided light wave transmission.

Q4. What are the careers prospects being a CERAMIC graduate?

  • Ceramic Engineers experienced in both scientific and production aspects of the profession may also work as administrators, project supervisors, sales engineers or technical consultants to firms using ceramic materials.
  • Many Ceramic Engineers work in the nuclear field, as ceramic fuel materials make nuclear power generation possible.
  • The electronics industry is a growth area for this technology, as ceramics are used as insulators for transistors and integrated circuits.
  • Refractory ceramics are required in the refining of iron and aluminum, and this industry is especially in need of this type of worker.
  • The exciting new field of fiber optics has had a dramatic effect on today’s telecommunication and medical industries, and since ceramic components are used, Ceramic Engineers are playing a vital role in this new science. Ceramic Engineers experienced in both scientific and production aspects of the profession may also work as administrators, project supervisors, sales engineers or technical consultants to firms using ceramic materials.
  • Apart from core companies one can get a job in software fields having knowledge of computer programming and coding.
  • Consultancy firms also provides job for engineers as utility providers and many posts.

Q5. What areas can I specialize in within CERAMIC Engineering?

  • White wares these are porcelain and china dinnerware or high voltage electrical insulators
  • Structural materials these are brick, tile, and turbine blades,
  • Electronic ceramics are magnetics, memory systems, and microwave devices), protective
  • Refractory coatings for metals, glass products, abrasives, and fuel elements for nuclear energy.
  • One of the top priority projects of Ceramic Engineers is the development of a ceramic engine which would replace the present diesel, gasoline and turbo engines.

Q6. Porcelains vs. Ceramics. Are they the same?

One of the most common misconceptions is that porcelains are ceramics. Both tiles are made and fired under high temperatures, and are man-made products. Ceramic is more of an umbrella term that all man-made tiles happen to fall under, because in the common man’s perspective, the tiles look the same.

They differ in their hardness rating and porosity. Porcelains are fired at higher temperatures, making them more durable, and have higher water absorption ratings compared to ceramics. Ceramics are made of materials such as earthenware, and tend to have a red body. Both porcelain and ceramic tiles can be used for floors, walls, ceilings, and outdoors, with the exception of using ceramics outdoors in some regions of the states.

Q7. Areas of research in CERAMICS ?

  • Bio-glass and Ceramic Materials
  • Cement and Advanced Building Materials
  • Electrical and Electronic Ceramics
  • Glass and Glass Ceramics
  • Pottery, Porcelain and Ceramic White ware
  • Nano-materials
  • Refractories

Q8. What are the practical applications in different industries ?

Aerospace:

  • Engines; Shielding a hot running airplane engine from damaging other components.
  • Airframes; Used as a high-stress, high-temp and lightweight bearing and structural component.
  • Missile nose-cones; Shielding the missile internals from heat.
  • Space Shuttle tiles
  • Space-debris ballistic shields – ceramic fiber woven shields offer better protection to hypervelocity (~7 km/s) particles than aluminum shields of equal weight.
  • Rocket nozzles, withstands and focuses the exhaust of the rocket booster.
  • Unmanned Air Vehicles; Implications of ceramic engine utilization in aeronautical applications (such as Unmanned Air Vehicles) may result in enhanced performance characteristics and less operational costs.

Bio-medical:

  • Artificial bone; Dentistry applications, teeth.
  • Biodegradable splints; Reinforcing bones recovering from osteoporosis
  • Implant material

Electronics:

  • Capacitors
  • Integrated circuit packages
  • Transducers
  • Insulators
  • Optical:
  • Optical fibers, guided lightwave transmission
  • Switches
  • Laser amplifiers
  • Lenses
  • Infrared heat-seeking devices

Automotive:

  • Heat shield
  • Exhaust heat management

Q9. How is placements at Ceramics Engineering at IIT(BHU) Varanasi?

Placements are really fantastic. Here are details,

  • 100% placement.
  • Average – 7 lPA
  • Highest package- 10 LPA

Stats include off campus placements as well.
Q10. I may want to pursue a branch change. How bright is my chance of getting a branch change? How does branch change option compares with other IITs?

IIT-BHU provides branch change option for top 10% of the class. Some IITs are very restrictive. For Example, IIT Roorkee allows only top 2% of students to opt for a branch change. Clearly, that makes it 5 times more difficult. It’s still difficult at IIT(BHU) Varanasi but you can work hard in your first year. You have wide array of branches as a choice for branch change and also significantly less competition for branches like Chem and Civil.

You should not depend on branch change. So even if you don’t manage to get your desired branch change, you end up with a good option.

Q11. All branches of IIT(BHU) Varanasi are expected to jump upwards due to IIT conversion. If my rank is in the range of 4000-5000, can I expect Cera BHU? Is it a good option for me?

You have a reasonable chance of getting the Ceramics Engineering at BHU if you are in the range of 4000-5000. Institute is ranked as top 5-6 colleges in India. Taking account of placements, college & campus you will be hard pressed to find a better option than Ceramics BHU in same range. Department courses are light so you will find plenty of opportunities/time to explore your interests. Be it hobby , sports or preparing for IIMs or higher studies. Simply one of the best option in 4000-5000 range. Even if you are below that range then fill it high in order and hope for the best.

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