Department establishment : 1923

Research Focus: These research activities span over wide ranging fields of nanomaterials characterization, quasicrystals, biomaterials, magnetic materials, spray forming, rapid solidification, mechanical alloying, powder metallurgy, modeling of phase diagram by CVM, phase transformation in steels and nonferrous alloys and structure property correlations, creep and fatigue behaviour of materials, nanoindentation, corrosion, thermodynamics of alloys and semiconducting intermetallics, pyrometallurgy of sulphide minerals, preparation of molycarbides, processing of ferrous and non-ferrous alloys, foundry and welding, wear studies of composites, waste utilization and energy management etc.


Q1. What is the scope of Metallurgical Engineering?

Metallurgical Engineering is a broad field of engineering that deals with all sorts of metal-related areas. It is branch of engineering that deals with a study of science of metals and their properties, including separating metals from their ores, the making and compounding of alloys, and the technology and science of working and heat-treating metals to alter their physical characteristics.

Metallurgical Engineers can become a part of the industry that produces, buys, sells refines or manufactures metals or metallic products. In India metallurgical graduates can expect some exciting career opportunities in government undertakings as well as in private companies.One can also be a research fellow or a scientist or professor in various labs and universities located in India and abroad.

Apart from the traditional metallurgical jobs, Metallurgical Engineering also has scope in defense, aviation , and nano science. Even quasicrystals were discovered here! Last year’s noble prize for chemistry went to researcher in this area. You can also go for research abroad if you have decent research credentials.

Q2. Why should I opt for Metallurgical Engineering at IIT(BHU) Varanasi?

Out of all the IITs (Bombay, Madras, Roorkee, Kharagpur and BHU) which offer the course, department of Metallurgy of IIT(BHU) is oldest. BHU Metallurgy department is the top 3 metallurgy departments in country.  BHU meta has world class facilities, labs & equipment. Check out the kind of equipment Meta BHU has at it’s disposal by visiting Major Equipment in dept.. BHU Meta department was so far ahead compared to most meta departments in country that department was first to be recognized as a Centre of Advanced Study in Metallurgy by the UGC in 1980. To put it in perspective, Roorkee Meta department doesn’t have that distinction even after few decades.

BHU Metallurgy department is one of the few in India where meaningful research is done. The National Electron Microscope Facility (NELMIF) was established through the generous grant of DST in 1982. The professors (current and retired) are highly reputed in India and abroad and are actively engaged in research work. A few of highly recognized include: T.R. Anantharaman, Dr. S. Lele, Dr. Vakil Singh and many more. Based on term performance and recommendation of the professors many students get the opportunity to continue with their studies at highly reputed universities abroad.

Due to glorious, old and rich tradition, this department has great alumni base.  First-ever undergraduate and doctoral degrees in metallurgy in the country were awarded by BHU Metallurgy department. Strong department and alumni base results in good core placement opportunities.

Q3. How is placement scene in Metallurgical Engg. at IIT(BHU) Varanasi?

The core companies who offer placements are Tata Steel, Tata Motors,Mecon (PSU), JSPL, Maruti, Yamaha, Vedanta, Reliance, and Carborundum. Many Candidates with Double offers. Two with triple offers.

The highest package – 10 LPA (4 offers) &  average – 6 LPA  was observed in Metallurgy core jobs. Core packages starts bit lower but if you are good in your core job then you start getting very high salary in next  4-5 years.

Apart from core the others are Futures First derivative trading firm, ZS management consultancy, UHG healthcare company but in India it has a software development profile, Oracle too is a software profile. So due to strong department, you get very good core jobs here and you can also get placed in financial, management and software firms. Placement is not an issue here. If you are good, you will do very well. You can get core or a non-core job.

Q4. Being a top Metallurgy department in country, does BHU Meta host any significant technical festival?  Any other activities of significance?

‘Anveshan’ is the annual techno management fest of the department. Our was the first dept. to organize Interdepartmental festival. It consists of events catering to metallurgy. This is an all India level competition. And there is always a special role for first year students in this fest! The events range from simulation to photography and even model making!

Apart from the annual festivals,  Department actively promotes many trusts and chapters of professional bodies. Some examples are –  Indian Institute of Metals(Varanasi chapter),  Indian Institute of Metals(Varanasi student chapter), Institution of Engineers (India) –  Varanasi chapter  & N. P. Gandhi Memorial Metallurgy Trust.

Q5. All branches of IIT(BHU) Varanasi are expected to jump upwards due to IIT conversion. If my rank is in the range of 3500-4500, can I expect Meta BHU? Is it a good option for me?

You  have a good chance of getting the Meta BHU if you are in the range of 3500-4500. You are getting the top 3 Meta branch in country. You are also getting into top 5-6 colleges in India. It’s a very good combination. Meta is core branch and BHU Meta gives you opportunities for core as well as non-core jobs. If you look for other options in same range then you will be hard pressed to find better option than Meta BHU.

Q6. I may want to pursue a branch change. How bright is my chance of getting a branch change? How does branch change option compares with other IITs?

IIT-BHU provides branch change option for top 10% of the class. Some IITs are very restrictive. For Example, IIT Roorkee allows only top 2% of students to opt for a branch change. Clearly, that makes it 5 times more difficult. It’s still difficult at IIT(BHU) Varanasi but you can work hard in your first year. You have wide array of branches as a choice for branch change and also significantly less competition for branches like Chem and Civil.

You should not depend on branch change. So even if you don’t manage to get your desired branch change, you end up with a top meta department in country +  a great institute.

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